Heatwave Plan for England
Although many of us enjoy the sunshine, as a result of climate change we are increasingly likely to experience extreme summer temperatures that may be harmful to health. For example the temperatures reached in 2003 are like to be a 'normal' summer by 2040 and indeed globally, countries have already experienced record temperatures.
We do not know how long the current heatwave will continue for, but we do want to make sure that everyone takes simple precautions to stay healthy during periods of hot weather and when in the sun.
Please take a look at some of the hints and tips of how to stay safe and well below:-
- Keep out of the sun between 11am and 3pm, if possible
- If you have to go out in the heat, wear UV sunglasses, preferably wraparound, to reduce UV exposure to the eyes, walk in the shade, apply sunscreen of at least SFP15 with a UVA protection, wear a hat. Wear light, loose-fitting cotton clothes. This should minimise the risk of sunburn.
- Avoid extreme physical exertion. If you can't avoid strenuous outdoor activity, such as sport, DIY or gardening, keep it for cooler parts of the day; for example in the early morning or evening.
- Have plenty of cold drinks, and avoid excess alcohol, caffeine or drinks high in sugar. If drinking fruit juice, dilute it with water. Eat cold foods, particularly salads and fruit with a high water content, and when travelling ensure you take water with you.
- Look out for others; keep an eye on isolated people, older people, ill or very young people and make sure they are able to keep cool. Check on older people or sick neighbours, family and friends every day during a heatwave. Be alert and call a doctor or social services if someone is unwell or further help is needed.
- Children should not take part in vigorous physical activity on very hot days, such as when temperatures are above 30°C
- Ensure that babies, children, older people or dogs are not left alone in stationary cars.
- Keeping your living space cool is especially important for infants, older people or those with long-term health conditions or anyone who cannot look after themselves
- Shade or cover windows exposed to direct sunlight and keep windows that are exposed to the sun, closed during the day.
- Open windows at night if it feels cooler outside, although be aware of security issues - especially in ground floor rooms. Close curtains that receive morning or afternoon sun.
- Turn off non-essential lights and electrical equipment – they generate heat
- Seek medical advice if you are suffering from a long-term medical condition or taking multiple medications and have unusual symptoms.If you feel dizzy, weak, anxious or have intense thirst and headache, move to a cool place as soon as possible. Drink some water or diluted fruit juice to rehydrate, avoid alcohol and caffeinated drinks like tea or coffee.
- If you have painful muscular spasms (particularly in the legs, arms or abdomen, for example after sustained exercise during very hot weather), rest immediately in a cool place and drink electrolyte drinks. Consult your doctor if you feel unusual symptoms, or if symptoms persist longer than 30 minutes.
There are also various publications developed by the Government by clicking on the link(s) below:-
Childhood Illnesses - Stay Well This Winter
All children experience common illnesses like coughs, colds and chickenpox etc.; they are all part of growing up.
To know what to do, what to look for and where to go, please click on the link below which will take you an informative booklet on childhood illnesses and services available:-